Swami Dayanand was born at Tankara (Morvi), a town situated on the bank of the Machhooka Mahanadi, in Kathiawar(Gujrat), in the Vikram era 1881(1825 A.D.). His original name was Mool Shankar, and his father's Karsanji. He was the head of an eminent Brahman family of the village and was rich, prosperous and influential.

Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati was an important Hindu religious scholar, reformer, and founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement. He was the first to give the call for Swarajya "India for Indians" – in 1876, later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak enouncing the idolatry and ritualistic worship prevalent in Hinduism at the time, he worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies. Subsequently the philosopher and President of India, S.Radhakrishnan, called him one of the "Makers of Modern India," as did Sri Aurobindo. One of his notable disciples was Shyamji Krishna Verma, who founded India House in London and guided other revolutionaries one of his most influential works is the book Satyarth Prakash, which contributed to the Indian Independence Movement. He was a sanyasi(ascetic) from boyhood, and a scholar, who believed in the infallible authority the Vedas. Dayananda advocated the doctrine of karma and skepticism in dogma, and emphasized the ideals of brahmacharya celibacy and devotion to God. The Theosophical Society and the Arya Samaj were united from 1878 to 1882, becoming the Theosophical Society of the Arya Samaj.

Among Maharishi Dayananda's contributions are his promoting of the equal rights for women, such as the right to education and reading of Indian scriptures, and his translation of the Vedas from Sanskrit into Hindi so that the common man might be able to read them. Dayanand was the first to give the word of Swadeshi long before Mahatma Gandhi

Swami Dayanand was an Acharya, in the most comprehensive sense of the term. He was a teacher, a preacher, and the author of a prodigious mass of literature, distinguished for its pure and elevated diction, for its bold, uncompromising upholding of truth, for its loftiness of tone, and its depth and profundity of thought. Accodring to Dayanand Saraswati ,

“Mother, father and teacher are best guides of a person, that person is real lucky whose parents are virtuous as they will always guide him to the right way and always thinks good for him.

The main aim of education is to create humans awareness so that they can understand the difference between the truth and untruth. Even by understanding if anyone does not practice it he is like a thief.”